||Broderie Anglaise, or English Embroidery is a Whitework technique, designs sewn with a white thread onto a white fabric.|
||It is first mentioned in books as coming to England in the 1820's.
not say where from, but I feel it may have developed from the fine Ayrshire
Needlework which had tiny eyelet holes worked among the delicate floral
embroidery. This embroidery was time-consuming, worked by women in their
homes as poorly paid out-workers. It had raised satin-stitch and some
needle-lace fillings in the larger holes as part of the design.
||It was much quicker just to work the eyelet holes on their own. Little
ones are worked by piercing the cloth with a stiletto, a sharp-pointed
tool, then over-sewing round the resulting hole. Then the holes became
bigger, which meant they had to be cut out after sewing round the shape,
circle or oval.
This was done by snipping with sharp pointed scissors, from side to side and top to bottom of the shape without cutting the outline thread. The fabric flaps were turned under, then the hole over-sewn or button-holed. Not as difficult as it sounds.
Jane (Bate) Hughes
wearing the above under-sleeves - 1860
|The designs were very lacy, in fact as time went on the patterns developed into cut-work, where more fabric was cut away than was left. These larger holes were always filled with needle-lace stitches, or whipped or buttonhole bars, often with picots.|
Pattern for broderie anglaise 1874
Three edgings in broderie anglaise 1874
Edging in broderie anglaise 1874
Books with information on Subject
Complete book of needlework.
Broderie Anglaise by WELDON.
Embroidery and needlework /4th ed. by FRY, Gladys Windsor
Cutwork, Hedebo and Broderie Anglaise by KLIOT, Jules (ed)
Ayrshire and other Whitework by Margaret Swain
Mary Thomas's embroidery book by Mary THOMAS
Broderie Anglaise by Violet K. Trefusis