|Bobbin lace (or pillow lace) takes its name from the way it is made: on a firm pillow to which a pricked-out pattern is tacked and each twist of the bobbins is held in place by a pin. For all its intricate and elegant appearance, there are only two different movements of bobbins in the formation of the lace: the twist and the cross.|
come in many shapes and sizes but the 3 major groups are:
Good choice for a first pillow as it allows the lacemaker to turn it around and change directions which is necessary for many laces.It's also good for doilies and motifs
but nearly all with a roller embedded in pillow.
Very useful for larger doilies, and handkerchiefs as you can move blocks
into different positions thus allowing room for bobbins to stay on pillow when getting near edge of pattern.
More Lace Pillow information here
Places to order beginner
Polystyrene Cookie Pillows or kit (in USA)
Snowgoose-(uncovered pillows 13" - 24")
Holly VanSciver's (16"-24" uncovered pillow )
Lacy Susan (16" -
Lacemaker USA (covered pillows fro 12"- 24")
for more pillow links
come in 2 major groups (spangled and continentals)
Both bobbin types can and are used for all lace, it's just easier to make particular laces with the appropriate bobbins. Some times it's the weight of the bobbin paired with the correct thread weight that also makes a difference which is the best bobbin to choose.
Most beginners choose a Torchon Type bobbin to start with as an all around choice which allow them to make any of the laces made by beginners through intermediate.
Spangled bobbins look like these and are traditionally used for English Lace styles
( like Torchon, Bucks and Beds) which are continuous, from one end to the other.
(directions on how to spangle-PDF)
|Torchon Lace uses Spangled
(or Continental bobbins)
Bedfordshire uses Spangled Bobbins
Continentals usually look like one these and are more commonly used on lace that contains "sewings" and is made in sections or changes direction frequently like those shown on the right.
Idrija Lace(a tape lace) uses
Brugge Lace (a tape lace)
uses Continental Bobbins
Pins- different flat head pin sizes depending on lace madeI have and use 3 different sizes.
When I first started making lace, I was doing bigger lace like Bruges
(and later Russian), and a large size like 30 x .80mm is used. It allows for the
correct size hole and strength when tightening .
26 x .55mm or .65mm is a middle size and the one I personally use the most and
is great for Torchon and Bedfordshire. Now these are the "lace pin" sizes
and for a description of all those numbers see Holly's page on pins:
click here for Holly's pin selection information
The medium size pin is available in fabric stores and is called,
"Pleating Pins" size/No. 16- 1in (2.5cm) by Dritz.
This size may not be available in small fabric or craft stores but the larger
stores should have them.
The smaller pins are (17 x .45mm) 3/4" and used for Honiton, Whitof Duchesse.
There are even smaller pins for Point Ground laces and other fine straight laces
but a beginner is not likely to use these.
I personally prefer the steel pins as they don't bend as much but other
lacemakers swear by brass pins. It's a personal preference thing.
More Pin information that can be downloaded and printed
Thread- different sizes depending on lace made -you can practice with tatting
thread or # 8 or 12 pearl cotton. Eventually you will want real lace thread which works a lot easier.
Length of fiber, finish,and twist are all factors that effect ease of use.
Cotton thread is a little easier to use but some lace looks best in Linen. Don't try silk for a while as
it's a bit more difficult to use at first while there is so much to learn.
Size of thread will depend on the pattern you use. There are several refrences available for substituting
different threads when the one called for by a particular pattern is not available.
Suggested book to help with thread sizing
pattern - printed on blue card stock or heavy card and covered with clear or blue contact paper
to keep ink from bleeding through to lace. (Never work white thread on white pattern)
Pricking the holes before making the lace will make it easier to find the hole.
Books- many available - Here are a few of my favorites for Beginners.
Patterns on the Web
For starting with Torchon:For Starting with a "Tape" lace
" Introduction to Bobbin Lacemaking" by Rosemary Shepherd "The Bobbin Lace Manual" by Geraldine Stott "The Technique of Bobbin Lace" by Pamela Nottingham
- "Bruges Flower Lace" by Edna Sutton
Lace books for sale at discount here
Lace Articles you might want to read
Beginners Bobbin Lace Books
Links to other web-pages
Falkink's Kantelier- Working with hanging bobbins
Introduction to Bobbin Lace in 16 lessons
BOBBIN LACE BEGINNERS COURSE by Concha Canoura
A first lesson in Bobbin Lace
Basic Techniques -in french
Learn to make Rauma lace
Portaguese Lace Lesson
Czech Lace Collar
Czech Lace EARRING LESSON
Czech Point lace lesson
Lace Techniques -also in french with lots of diagrams
BLEN Lace Training online
Introduction to Bucks Point
Jo Edkins' Lace School - This is an online lace school!
Lessons For a Fee
Ann Moore's Lacemakers' Collection
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